[Reblog]: La meritocrazia non esiste

Fonte: http://stumblingandmumbling.typepad.com/stumbling_and_mumbling/2012/09/the-impossibility-of-meritocracy.html

The impossibility of meritocracy

Should you hire the best-qualified candidate for a job? The answer is: not necessarily, as a new paper points out.

The reason for this is simple.It’s to do with induced reciprocity.If you hire a duffer, he’ll feel grateful to you and will exert more effort or honesty. The best-qualified candidate, by contrast, will feel entitled to the job and so might not try so hard.And it’s possible that what you gain from his greater ability you lose from his lesser diligence. The authors show that, under experimental conditions, a big minority (30%) of principals choose a mediocre agent for just this reason.

I suspect this is a classic case of economists seeing something in practice and wondering how it can happen in theory. We’ve all seen second-rate people get jobs because the boss trusts them; we might even have been that second-rater ourselves.

This is not the only reason why rational bosses might hire lacklustre people. Marko Tervio has shown that, when talent can only be revealed by working with expensive assets, bosses will prefer a known mediocrity to potentially better but unknown workers.And Dan Bernhardt, Edward Kutsoati and Eric Hughson have shown how managers prefer to hire people like themselves whose skills they can more easily evaluate.

And this is not to mention plain nepotism, Adler superstars, the demand for quacks or survival of the stupidest effects.

Hayek, then, was correct when he said that “the return to people’s efforts do not correspond to recognizable merit.”

The point here is related to one Will makes. Meritocracy, at least as normally understood, does not exist and probably cannot exist in a free market with rational people.You cannot therefore justify inequalities by claiming that they reflect differences in ability – though there are, of course, less bad justifications.

The claim that successful people often lack talent is not just envy-tinted casual empiricism. It is entirely consistent with economic theory.

Un pensiero su “[Reblog]: La meritocrazia non esiste

  1. IN TUTTE LE DITTE PRIVATE ITALIANE SOLO I RACCOMANDATI INCAPACI LAVATIVI E SPIONI VENGONO PREMIATI !
    QUESTO SISTEMA SCHIFOSO DI ORGANIZZAZIONE DEL LAVORO IN ITALIA VIENE CHIAMATA MERITOCRAZIA !

    HO INIZIATO A LAVORARE NEL 1979 HO FATTO SVARIATI MESTIERI PRESSO 100 DITTE PRIVATE ITALIANE STRUTTURATE IN MANIERA COMPLETAMENTE DIVERSA .
    Ho lavorato presso ditte private a conduzione famigliare !
    Ho lavorato presso ditte private di media grandezza !
    Ho lavorato presso ditte private SPA .
    In tutte le ditte private Venete per cui ho lavorato a fare carriera e ad avere premi di produzione erano sempre i soliti idioti di LAVORATORI raccomandati stupidi- incapaci-lavativi-menefreghisti e spioni !
    Negli ultimi 25 anni le cose sono molto peggiorate !
    Questa sarebbe la famosa

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